Galicia in the concept of Polish messianic vision
Authors: Lysenko Vitaly
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In this paper, the idea bases of an interpretation of the Polish messianic vision of Galicia’s «polishness» are proved. Under
conditions of modern creation of a nation, the Polish formulated political conceptions about the territory of the Commonwealth
of Poland, which should be revived with the armed struggle and cooperation with the metropolitan country (Austria-Hungary).
The author stresses that Galicia was viewed in this statement as a national bridgehead before the activation of the mentioned
ideas. Especially after finishing of «Bach’s reaction» in the Habsburg Empire, the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria became the
«Polish Piedmont», that is the centre of national revival. Under conditions of emperor Franz Joseph I liberal policy, the Polish
statesmen actively inculcated the idea of Galicia’s «polishness». However, the author states, the given events caused the
appearance of deep-rooted contradictions between the Polish and the Ukrainians in Galicia, which were characterized with their
antagonism even before that. All these circumstances created a unique situation.
Galicia, which was always the centre of Ukrainian-Polish interethnic conflicts, became the centre of Ukrainian as well as
Polish national revival, which caused interethnic conflicts and fratricidal war at a later date. The Polish politicians, annihilating
national interests of Galicia’s Ukrainians, were creating ideological foundations of a messianic conception of «Poland from the
sea to the sea», giving one of the leading roles in it to Galicia. The author states Galicia’s role in the Polish messianic vision is one
of the main, which, after that, became the basis of conception of Eastern Borderlands (Eastern Kresy) of the Commonwealth of
Poland on the boundary the XIX-XX centuries by R. Dmowski and J. Pilsudski, who considered this territory as the part of Greater
Poland. In fact, the ideologists of Polish messianism mentioned above fully formulated and theoretically proved Galicia’s
belonging to the future Polish state. We find it reasonable to reveal, in the sequel, the peculiarities of practical realization of the
mentioned scholar statement in 1918-1921.