Geoecology and its medical aspects
Authors: Evstropov V.
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The geoecology is considered as a new scientific direction in natural sciences. In turn, the geoecology, in view of its cross-disciplinary character includes, according to C.Troll, various aspects: geocomplex, geosystem, equally-componential, ecosystemic and biocentric. In view of increase of the person`s role in technical transformation of biosphere, and as a result of developing of diseases of civilization and other ecopathology of the person, the research of medical aspects of geoecology has become relevant. When studying the connection between human activity, technogenic constructions and geological environment, it is necessary to take into account that in the system "the person, the technogenic construction and the geological environment" it is important to pay attention to the mechanisms and the consequences of impact on the person of the dangerous striking factors of dangerous natural (geological) processes. As the geoecology is also considered as a synthesis of "vertical" (system biology) and of "horizontal" approaches, nowadays, even taking into account the biological component of the person as bio-social beings, the medical ecology also can apply for the certain "geoecological" attention. When examining, in the system aspect, geoecology as a science, it is possible to note the criteria of expediency and of the level of the system organization as backbone. From the expediency positions it is necessary to reflect a medical and biological component in the structure of geoecology that will expand the section of natural geoecology and will allow to consider the vertical approach more widely than within the system biology. The issues of the influence on the person of chemical pollution, researches of natural and focal infectious diseases, studying of features of distribution of noncontagious pathological changes among people, accounting of dynamics of the migration processes caused by the geoecological reasons, etc. belong to the problems of medical geoecology. Characteristic of the environment as a sphere of the activity of people causes the necessity of purposeful activity in the solution of local, regional, global geoenvironmental problems. While analyzing some local (regional) geoenvironmental problems of the Russian seaside territory of the Black Sea region influencing the level of life support and health of the population it is noted: 1) near Novorossiysk the distribution of pollution of H2 S, NO2, NO and CO happens in the air way while the pollution by oil products covers ground waters of the area and also sea water of the Novorossiysk bay. In the territory of the Republic of Crimea there is a risk of chemical environmental pollution in the case of accidents at the chemical enterprises, producing iodine, bromine organic compounds, compounds of manganese and magnesium, agents of fire retarders, mineral fertilizers, sulfuric acid, aluminum sulfate, sodium water glass, etc. 2) in the Crimea the spread of various natural and focal infections of bacterial, virus and rickettsial genesis is possible.