DEVELOPMENT OF THE CROP SECTOR IN ROSTOV REGION, SOUTHERN FEDERAL DISTRICT AND IN THE SOUTH-EAST OF UKRAINE: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
Authors: Inna Mitrofanova, Olga Patrakeeva
Number of views: 146
Agriculture is the basic economic sector in Russian Federation as it provides food safety of the country. The main importance for the growth of all the sectors of the agriculture has the growth of grain production as it is the base for both plant growing and animal husbandry and consequently, of the agriculture on the whole. The increase of grain yield is the primary way to raise efficiency of grain production and its inventory. The grain yield is mainly influenced by the introduction of highly productive zoned grain sorts, by the use of a highly qualified seeds, fertilizer application. Currently in the Rostov region the decrease of the yield and grain deterioration are observed. It is closely related with carrying-out of nutritive materials which are not reimbursed by the facilities of humus renewal, deficient attention on technologies of preparation and application of organic fertilizer. The crop yields in the Rostov region are formed mainly at the expense of the natural soil fertility and nutrient stores created in previous years. A high level of wearing out of fixed assets is caused directly by insufficient investment of agriculture. It is required to apply modern technologies including watering system, concentration and fertilization for support of soil quality for the compensation of destructive effect. Thus, at present, the qualitative development of agriculture is objectively associated with the development of capital-intensive areas in the grain industry. Special attention in the paper is devoted to the agricultural sector of Ukraine, which is currently in crisis.