The Format of the Six-Party Negotiations on the North Korean Nuclear Issue (2003–2010): Position of the Russia
Authors: Elena Yu. Litsareva
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The article examines the six-party negotiation format on the North Korean nuclear issue, involving Russia, China, United States, Japan, Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and Republic of Korea, formed officially in 2003. Russia, China and Republic of Korea have promoted the idea of keeping and using this format after the settlement of North Korea nuclear crisis to address other security issues at North-East Asia, especially related to new threats. North Korea's nuclear tests, in fact, throughout the period of the negotiations on the North Korean nuclear issue showed the inefficiency of the existing political and military-force means in East Asia to counter the spread of nuclear weapons. The threat of nuclear proliferation became especially acutely in the East Asia by the beginning of the 21st century. In the spring of 2013, North Korea’s threats of nuclear attack on the United States and the Republic of Korea were the pretext for the concentration of the American military power and presence of the intelligence assets not so far from Russian Far East. Spring events of 2013 on the Korean peninsula and the aggravation of the crisis in the spring – autumn of 2017 indicate that Russian balanced policy here can be one of the key elements, governing the relations in this area of East Asia.