ARCHITECTURE OF LEGAL TEXT AND TERMINOLOGY IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA DURING 1950-2015
Authors: Alina BUŞILĂ
Number of views: 331
It is well known the fact that the Romanian language spoken in the Republic of Moldova undergone many transfor¬ma¬tions during the times, especially due to the Russification process which caused the creation of linguistic bastards at all levels: phonetic, morphological, lexical, etc. Legal terminology also had very much to suffer because of incorrect gram¬matical and syntactic forms, language inaccuracies, calques, borrowings and ungrammatical transliterations/transcripti¬ons, for instance: ”camera de chibzuire” (today we use the term camera de deliberări), ”judecătorie norodnică”, „judecată tovă¬răşească” (the current form - instanţă de arbitraj), „socotelile între părţi”, „prestaţiune corelativă”, „se datoreşte culpei”, „încunoştiinţarea despre anularea procurii” or „sunt persoane juridice […] care funcţionează pe bază de hozrasciot”, „publicitatea dezbaterilor judiciare”, „soluţionarea chestiunilor”, etc. These terms were valid and used in legal documents, moreover, they had been treated as linguistic normality. Even though the legal language, as other specialized languages, means eloquence, pristine and precise utterance, the memory of the past still dominates the Moldovan legal language through examples as: speluncă (Organizarea ori întreţinerea speluncilor pentru consumul sub¬stanţelor narcotice sau psihotrope – Article 219, Criminal Code of the RM) or samavolnicie (contravenţia de samavolnicie – Article 335), etc.
That is why, this articles has several aims: to describe the process of legal terms formation during the period of 1950 – 2015 from Moldovan Soviet Socialist Republic until today; to identify the means used by these words to enter the voca¬bulary, and to describe the dynamics of these terms by confronting tradition with innovation, linguistic norms with their use. The linguistic material was selected from the Civil Procedure Code of the MSSR from 1965 and 1983, the Civil Code of the MSSR from 1964 and 1986, and the relevant codes which are current in 2015.