THE ASSIMILATION OF POLISH NOBILITY AMONG BESSARABIAN NOBILITY DURING XIXth CENTURY. (Case study: noble family Celinski and Cernilev/Cernelevski)
Authors: Cristina GHERASIM
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In the article, based on archive documents and published monographic studies, to treat the problem of assimilation of allergenic nobles by Bessarabian nobility, having as example the polish nobles.
Being strategically, located Bessarabia was of particular interest in expansion policy of the Russian Empire. For these reasons, once the territory annexed, the tsarist searched to create a social base here to support and promote imperial policy. Besides granting various privileges to the native population, especially to the nobility, the imperial administration directed an intense colonization policy of the territory between Dniester and Prut and infiltration of Russian nobles or just simple clerks of Russian origin, coming from different parts such as Poland, Austria etc. among native nobility.
As a result, during the XIXth century, alongside with local boyars in the confirmation of titles of nobility, at the commission created to this purpose, were registered representatives of allergenic nobility. Analysis of the files submitted by polish nobility revealed that their noble titles were confirmed after the presentation of a certificate certifying the applicant's noble affiliation by Assembly of Deputies of nobility from Podolia. There are as well cases of refusal of confirmation of titles to the polish nobility. After several attempts, titles were still not recognized though the Assembly of Deputies of nobility from Podolia has previously accepted it. Such is the case of Cernelevski family. In December 1802, the Assembly of Deputies of nobility from Podolia confirmed the title to Andronache Cernelevski as successor of Moldavian boyar but refused it to his heirs motivating by the fact of absence of documents testify their family ties. In this situation, the Cernelevskis requested to be accepted in the odnodvorets category from Bessarabia.
So once the infiltration of the allergenic people among Bessarabian nobility accomplished, this led to changing ethnic composition, russification and denationalization of this social category.