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Internal Organs Pathological Lesion Study of Small Ruminant Slaughtered at Bachirawa Abattoir Ungogo, Kano State, North-Western Nigeria
Authors: I.L. Madigawa, I.S. Madobi, A. Abdullahi, A.M. Umar
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The research was conducted to assess the condition of the internal organs (liver, lung, heart, and small intestine) of slaughtered sheep and goat at Bachirawa abattoir in Ungogo local government, Kano state. A total of 23,638 sheep (both sexes) and 36,700 goats (both sexes) were slaughtered between August and October, 2012 which were used for the study. The organs were examined on the spot visually and through palpation or incision to identify abnormalities. Descriptive statistical analysis using simple percentage was used to analyze the data collected. The results indicated that, major pathological conditions were Faciolosis (5.71% in sheep, 4.09% in goats), Tuberculosis (4.32% in sheep 3.13% in goats), Pericarditis (3.86% in sheep 2.76% in goats), Contagious Caprine Pleuro-pneumonia (0.88% in sheep 0.68% in goats)-CCPP, round worms (2.96% in sheep 25.07% in goats) and tape worms (30.98% in sheep 21.66% in goats) infestations. Out of the 12,762 infected organs examined in goats, 990 (66%) liver, 828 (59%) lungs, 712 (70%) heart and 6,240 (70%) small intestine were partially salvaged. While, 510 (34%) liver, 572 (41%) lungs, 300 (30%) heart and 2,610 (30%) whole organs were condemned. In sheep 11,497 were examined and 933 (69%) liver, 799 (65%) lungs, 502 (55%) heart and 5,940 (74%) small intestines were partially salvaged. While, 414 (31%) liver, 428 (35%) lungs, 410 (445%) heart and 2,068 (26%) intestines whole organs condemned. The results of this study revealed the incidence of zoonotic diseases (CCPP and Tuberculosis) and highest occurrence of worm infestation in the slaughtered small ruminant at the abattoir. This necessitates the need for increase in the number of meat inspectors for proper record update which could be used by relevant authority in planning preventive and control programs.