Prevalence of Intestinal Nematodes among Children in a Secondary Health Care Delivery in Osogbo, Nigeria
Authors: Awoyeni E.A1, Olaniran O1*, Hassan-Olajokun R.E1, Adewuyi I.K2
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The prevalence of intestinal nematodes were determined among 200 children between the age of 6 years and 12 years which consist of 123 males and 77 females attending children emergency clinic, State Hospital, Asubiaro, Osogbo, Osun-State, between the month of October 2010 and March 2011. The fecal samples were examined microscopically using direct smear method with saline and iodine preparations and concentration method for the presence of parasites. The result obtained from this study showed that 106 (53%) were found to be positive for intestinal nematodes while 94 (47%) were negative. The age distribution pattern showed that the age range 8-9 years had the highest prevalence rate for Ascaris lumbricoides 30 (41.7%) and Hookworm 15 (20.8%) , it was discovered that it was only the age range 10-12 years that had Strongyloides stercoralis 1 (1.3%). In this study, the percentage prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides was 70 (35%), Hookworm was 35 (17.5%), and Strongyloides stercoralis was 1(0.5%). The study also reveals that male children (55.3%) have higher prevalence rate than female (50.6%). Thus, there is need for intense mass campaign for improved personal hygiene and proper sewage disposal in this area to avoid endemic of intestinal infection among inhabitants and for the people to re-examine and re-evaluate their nutritional practices as malnutrition are secondary to poverty.
Keywords: Prevalence, Intestinal nematodes, Children, Health care delivery.