The Reasons for Syrian Refugees in Turkey Becoming Entrepreneurs Based on Push and Pull Factors
Authors: Duygu Deniz & Metin Reyhanoğlu
Number of views: 212
Purpose: The aim of this study is to examine the reasons why refugees who immigrated to Turkey due to the domestic
turbulence in Syria become entrepreneurs in the framework of the push-pull model.
Methodology: Face-to-face interviews are conducted with a total of 30 Syrian ‘urban entrepreneurs’ in Hatay, Gaziantep, Mersin, and Istanbul in 2016. The snowball method is used in order to contact with the refugee entrepreneurs who are registered to trade associations. The responses given through an interpreter to the semi-structured questions were coded and categorized.
Findings: Syrian refugees’ socio-economic problems such as language problems, discrimination, legal problems, obstacles to access resources, and low wages push them to entrepreneurship. The willingness to turn these problems into an opportunity is the most important factor that attracts experienced entrepreneurs to entrepreneurship.
Results and Implications: The push and pull factors in refugee entrepreneurship coexist in the same person. Although in this study it is low, the impact of social network and capital on refugee entrepreneurship should be examined in following new studies.
Originality: Although the reasons why Syrian refugees turn towards entrepreneurship are important in terms of socio-economy, these reasons have not been examined in the literature. This study is important in terms of the evaluation of the factors that determine the causes of refugee entrepreneurship and preparing the individual and integrating them
into the country.