Hermeneutical Analysis of Comedies of English-Speaking Countries on the Theme of School and University
Authors: Olga Gorbatkova
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This article presents hermeneutical analysis (including: analysis of stereotypes, ideological analysis, identification analysis, iconographic analysis, plot analysis, character analysis, etc.) of сomedy films of English-speaking countries on school and university topics. Author comes to conclusions, that: comedy is not directly related to key international political events, although to some extent were in some dependence on domestic policies; the surge of comedy films about school life is typical for the period of the 1980s, and the second peak occurred in the XXI century. since the late 1960es many comedies about schoolchildren/students the themes of sex, violence, cruelty become the leading. Transformation in comedies on the subject of school and University is developing in several ways: a) conflict-free socialization is carried out through the prism of values, norms and rules of conduct of the older generation (1930s – 1940s); b) rehabilitation, marginal and anti-social behaviour to the adoption of social norms and values (1950s); c) socialization through the conflict, including the transformation of not only character, but also society as a whole (during the 1960s); d) socialization through disappointment, failure, growing up in the period of the 1970s); e) refusal of socialization pointing to the crisis of society (in the cinema of this kind, the narrative is used periodically, since the late 1970s); e) heroes of movies of the 1980s are not subjected to all sorts of changes, but only gaining experience, improve their social skills, this feature is characteristic of comedy and to date. Film stories about schoolchildren and students are devoid of intellectual disputes, but are densely immersed in love themes, sexual relations intrigues; activity of students is mainly focused on entertainment, leisure, racket, loving relationship and sex, the educational process in the movie plays a minor role; among the characters clearly property differentiation. Attitude of teachers and students lost their clear boundaries of subordination can be clearly observed the transition from an authoritarian to a democratic style of communication, it is mainly due to was a loss of prestige of the teaching profession in the eyes of the students and the public, have been developed for several decades. In modern comedy movies we can see the images of young teachers-women/men, often lonely and unsettled, showing indifference and negativity to their profession. These comedies have positive attitude to the manifestation of emancipation in behavior and sexual relations (including homosexual) between students/students (and even between teachers and students) with the tendency to the image of free, pronounced, emphasizing the female sexuality of the appearance of students and teachers. These comedies are neutral position to the use of juvenile students and teachers of drugs, alcoholic beverages, etc., and the ambivalent attitude of the authors to almost all the characters, even those who a few years ago according to all rules would be considered negative.