NUTRITIVE AND ANTIDIABETIC BENEFITS OF MOMORDICA CHARANTIA L. (BITTER GOURD) Narendra Kumar and S. M. Paul Khurana
Authors: Narendra Kumar and S. M. Paul Khurana
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M. charantia L. (Bitter gourd) is a delicate flowering vine in the family of Cucurbitaceae. The plant has climbing
nature with elongated fruit.The unripe fruit is white or green in color and has a bitter taste that becomes more
pronounced as the fruit ripens. It is used in cooking for its bitter flavor, typically in stir-fries, soups, for tea,culinary
purposes and that can purify our blood.The leaf and fruit contain considerable amount of carbohydrate,significantly
(P<0.05) higher than the amount present in the seed. Percent of moisture, total ash, crude fat and crude fibre are
low in the seed. The most abundant mineral present in the leaf of M. charantia is calcium significantly greater than
the amount of sodium, potassium, manganese, zinc, magnesium, iron and copper present and vitamins A, E, C, B12
and folic acid . While trace amount of vitamins B3, B6, A, D and K were also found present.The review records
nutritive value,antidiabetic potential work done in present scenario as it is said to regulate blood sugar.
Keywords: M. charantia L., nutrient profile, carbohydrate,vitamins, antidiabetic.