A mapping stature regarding problems and its associated factors of Tribal Communities of Jharkhand
Authors: Mr. Rajesh Sameer Kachhap,Mr. Ganesh Prasad Saw
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The present study envisaged the problems that were faced by tribal communities of Jharkhand and the factors responsible for it. There are 654 tribal communities live in India out of them 32 belong to Jharkhand and 8 of this 32 are very marginalized in term of economic , social , cultural, education and political . That ‘sway they are called as Primitive tribal communities. It was a descriptive research and an interview schedule prepared to collect responds of 40 graduated male and female of Tribal communities belong to Kolhan region of Jharkhand. They were selected by purposive sampling technique. In the study developed a map to show problems and its associated factors of tribal Communities. These were following-1. Social problem-Child marriage, Decline of dormitories, Decline of Bride price, Wine drinking, Inter caste marriage, Orthodoxy and Conventionality. 2. Cultural Problem–Intra-Tribal of cultural difference, missing their own Language problem, Decline of tribal fine Arts, Religious superstition. 3. Educational problem- Medium of Instruction, Lack of resources, Lack of Tribal teacher, Illiterate education parents, Lack of higher education institution in tribal language. Scholarship, Schools was situated in far distance. 4. Political Problem- Vote Bank, False reassurance 5. Health Problem- Malnutrition, Pure drinking water, lack of seasonal clothing Lack of House 6. Problem of Migration- Lack of employment , Lack of opportunity or skill, House Labor, Industrial labor, Failure of farming, 5. Problem of Displacement- Due to dams, due to mine, due to industrialization, Due to urbanization 6. Economic Problem– Bound to used forest, Relating to shifting cultivation, Related to new land tenure system, Related to indebted 7. Naxolied problem–Poverty and illiterate. Implications of the study were suggested.
Key Words: Scheduled Tribes, New land tenure system, Orthodoxy, Conventionality, Intra- tribal culture difference.